سیستم‌های تولیدی در ایران و عملکرد کسب و کار آنها

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصاد، گروه مدیریت دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

  مطالعات تاکسونومی در حوزه تولید نه تنها توصیف مناسبی از گروه‌های غالب سازمانی را در اختیار قرار می دهد بلکه زمینه لازم را برای مطالعات تخصصی‌تری چون بررسی عملکرد، شکل مناسب تصمیمات تولیدی در هر گروه و نظریه‌پردازی در آن را فراهم می آورد. تحقیقات تاکسونومیک برای شناسایی سیستم‌های تولیدی به تعداد محدود در نقاط مختلف جهان انجام شده است. در این تحقیق، مطالعه تاکسونومیک سیستم‌های تولید در ایران مبتنی بر 9 طبقه تصمیم تولیدی انجام شده است. از تحلیل خوشه‌ای K میانگین برای تحلیل داده ها استفاده شده و چهار خوشه شناسائی گردید . این خوشه‌ها تحت عناوین سیستم‌های تولیدی نابالغ، زیرساختارگراها، بالغ و سبز نامگذاری شدند. همچنین عملکرد کسب و کار این سیستم‌ها مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان‌دهنده آن بود که سیستم‌های تولیدی در ایران در چهار سطح قراردارند که تفاوت معنی‌داری در عملکرد کسب و کار آنها وجود ندارد؛ بجز اختلافی که سیستم تولیدی نابالغ با بقیه دارد. دلالت‌ها برای هر خوشه و در نهایت محدودیت‌ها و پیشنهادات آورده شد.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Production Systems and their Business Performance in Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Alireza Pooya
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

Taxonomic studies in manufacturing not only give appropriate description of dominated organizational groups, but also provide necessary context for more special studies and theory building in subjects such as performance evaluation and manufacturing decision making. Available taxonomic investigations on manufacturing systems are limited. In this paper, taxonomic study of manufacturing systems has been performed based on nine decision categories in Iran. K-mean cluster analysis has been used and four clusters have been identified as industry average, world class, less developed and developed. Their business performance has been also studied. Findings imply that only the less developed cluster has significant difference in business performance from other clusters. Justification of the four clusters has been discussed and finally, limitations and suggestions have been addressed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Taxonomy
  • Production systems
  • Production decisions
  • Business Performance
  • Iran

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